6 Basic Ways to Treat Seasonal Allergies

May 26, 2022

Ways to treat seasonal allergies. Seasonal allergies are allergies that occur at certain times of the year, called allergy season, usually in response to pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds. Summer allergy symptoms vary, including sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, and congestion. Summer allergies are commonly referred to as hayfever season, and they get treated with over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines and decongestants. Some people may also need to see an allergist for more severe cases to treat symptoms related to hayfever season.

These allergies typically occur in the spring and fall, when pollen levels are at their highest. However, people with seasonal allergies can also experience symptoms during other times, such as summer and winter. These allergies are different from hay fever, another type of allergy that occurs in response to pollen. Hay fever is a more severe form of seasonal allergy and can cause symptoms such as fatigue, headaches, and difficulty breathing. Mold spores and pet dander can also trigger seasonal allergies.

Summer Allergies

The allergy season typically starts in late spring and lasts through summer. Trees, such as oak, birch, and cedar, release pollen into the air, which can cause seasonal allergies. Grass pollen is also common in the summer. People with seasonal allergies may experience symptoms such as itchiness, red eyes, and a runny nose.  

However, the exact start and end dates vary depending on the location. Allergy season typically begins earlier in the southern states and later in the northern states. Allergy levels are usually highest during the early morning and evening hours. Weather conditions can also affect allergy levels, such as wind, rain, and temperature.

Summer Allergy Symptoms

The most common symptom of summer allergies is sneezing. Other season allergy symptoms include a runny nose, itchy eyes, congestion, and a cough. Seasonal allergies can also cause hives, eczema, and asthma. An overreaction of the immune system causes seasonal allergies to pollen or other allergens in the environment. When these allergens come into contact with the body, the immune system releases histamines, which cause the symptoms of seasonal allergies.

Treat Seasonal Allergies 

There are several ways to treat allergies.

  • Over-the-counter medications:  Over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines and decongestants, can help relieve the symptoms of seasonal allergies.
  • Prescription medications: In some cases, a doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid to help reduce inflammation.
  • Allergy shots: Allergy shots, or immunotherapy, can be used to treat people with severe allergies. Allergy shots contain small amounts of the allergens that trigger allergic reactions. Over time, the shots help to build up immunity to the allergens.
  • Nasal Sprays Nasal sprays, such as corticosteroid sprays, can help to reduce inflammation in the nose.
  • Avoiding triggers: One of the best ways to prevent allergy symptoms is to avoid exposure to the allergens. This avoidance may mean staying indoors on days when pollen levels are high or wearing a dust mask when working outside.
  • Making lifestyle changes: Several lifestyle changes can help reduce the symptoms of seasonal allergies. These include quitting smoking, washing your hands often, and closing your windows.

Seasonal Allergies Complications and Prevention

Complications of seasonal allergies can include sinus infections, ear infections, and asthma. Seasonal allergies can also make it difficult to get a good night's sleep.

  • Sinus Infections: Sinus infections, or sinusitis, is a condition that occurs when the sinuses become inflamed. Sinus infections include a runny nose, congestion, headaches, and facial pain.
  • Ear Infections: Ear infections are a common complication of seasonal allergies. Ear infections occur when the middle ear becomes inflamed. Symptoms of ear infections include earache, fever, and difficulty hearing.
  • Asthma: Asthma is a condition that affects the lungs and airways. Symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. Seasonal allergies can trigger asthma.
  • Insomnia: Seasonal allergies can make it challenging to get a good night's sleep. Insomnia is a condition that causes difficulty sleeping. Symptoms of insomnia include difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night, and feeling tired during the day.
  • Rashes: Rashes can also be a complication of seasonal allergies. Allergic rashes, such as hives and eczema, are caused by the body's reaction to an allergen.

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